Air pollution affects our children's health

When air is inhaled, small particles ("Particulate Matter") enter the body through the nose and mouth.

The very fine particles (PM2.5) will enter the bloodstream through the alveoli of the lungs. They get transported to all organs of the body and can affect normal funtion especially of the:

  • Lungs
  • Immune system
  • Heart
  • Developing brain.

Once in a child's still developing brain, particulate matter will damage brain cells with effects on memory, attention span, emotional control and social interaction.

These effects may be accumulative and can result in neurodegenerative disorders later in life.

Exposure to air pollution of the foetus in utero also increases the risk for other diseases across the lifespan including:

  • Stroke
  • Pneumonia
  • Ischaemic Heart Disease (IHD)
  • Chronic Obstructive Airway Disease (COPD)
  • Lung cancer